45 and Counting: Chester Arthur, Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison, and William McKinley

In anticipation of the 2020 election, Voices will be highlighting a 2016 series published by Indian Country Today which provides an overview of how each president has played a role in policies that affect the legacy of Indigenous peoples after the advent of colonization. This series, written by journalist Alysa Landry, paints a picture of how we have arrived at the present moment under these leaders.

Read part 1, part 2, and part 3, part 4, and part 5. This week’s installment features Chester Arthur, Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison, and William McKinley.

Chester Arthur: Assimilation His Answer for ‘Great Permanent Problem’ of Indians

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Grover Cleveland: Pushed Land Ownership as a Way to ‘Civilize’ Indians

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Benjamin Harrison: Busted Up Sioux Nation, No Remorse for Wounded Knee

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William McKinley: Dismantled Five Civilized Tribes

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Editor’s note:  A new installment of “45 and Counting” will be published every Tuesday from August 11th until Tuesday November 3. 

Part 1

Part 2

Part 3

Part 4

Part 5